ALCOVE DWELLING JACOB CATSHUIS
H. NEDERLOF, -1896, Jacob Catsstraat 23, Rotterdam
This so-called alcove dwelling in Jacob Catsstraat is fitted out as a museum house. One of a row of five houses, it was discovered virtually unchanged during urban renewal operations in the early 1990s. Most alcove dwellings have been demolished, converted or adapted to meet more modern standards. As a late 19th-century type, it constituted an initial move to improve the deplorable living conditions of workers in the expanding city. Its name derives from the 'alkoof', a windowless room between the representative front room and the room at the rear of the house where daily life was enacted. The 1901 Housing Act made a toilet, drinking water, drains, a flue for the stove and ventilation compulsory conditions for every house.