BACK-TO-BACK HOUSING STAMPIOENDWARSSTRAAT
J.A. VOORHOEVE, -1895, 1e en 2e Stampioendwarsstraat, Rotterdam
Jacob Anthony Voorhoeve
During the 19th century Rotterdam expanded rapidly with cheap housing built to accommodate the influx of labourers migrating to the city. Originally these were mainly unhygienic back-to-back houses built by private developers. In 1895, 96 detached pairs of tenements (one unit per floor) were built here in Feijenoord for a local workers' housing association. Each tenement was 5.5 metres wide and 8 metres deep and cost less than a euro a week to rent. Most of Rotterdam's back-to-backs have been demolished. These examples have since been broken open and upgraded, yet their site layout still recalls this black page in the history of Dutch social housing.